Re: American Scientist Update, Vol. 11 No. 2

In this issue of American Scientist Update :

• Engineered Molecules for Smarter Medicines
• Social Media Monitors the Largest Fish in the Sea
• The Challenge of Manufacturing Between Macro and Micro
• Simulating Star Formation on the Galactic Scale
• Twisted Math and Beautiful Geometry


See below for more about the exciting content in the the March - April 2014 American Scientist.

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Engineered Molecules for Smarter Medicines

Specially designed polymers can dodge the body’s immune defenses.
The human body has many ways of defending against potentially harmful foreign substances, but sometimes, those defenses can interfere with drug treatments. In this feature article, Darlene K. Taylor and Uddhav Balami write about molecularly engineered substances that can safely carry a drug dosage to a target site within the body.

Social Media Monitors the Largest Fish in the Sea

Snap-happy tourists can help researchers understand and conserve whale sharks.
If you’re ever snorkeling or diving, remember to grab your camera if you to see a whale shark! Because of their declining numbers and the difficulties in monitoring them, whale sharks can be challenging for scientists to study. In this feature article, Tim K. Davies describes methods for tracking whale sharks using tourists’ photographs shared through social media.

The Challenge of Manufacturing between Macro and Micro

Classic ways of paper folding inspire millimeter-scale machines.
Children’s pop-up books are one source of inspiration for engineers as they develop small devices that are manufactured flat, cut, and then folded into 3D shapes. In this feature article, Robert J. Wood gives detailed descriptions of how his group uses this technique to build electromechanical devices that are just millimeters wide.

Simulating Star Formation on the Galactic Scale

Powerful calculations provide an extraordinary view of stellar birthplaces.
In the past, it has been difficult to link large-scale dynamics of galaxies with small-scale processes of star formation. In this feature article, Clare Dobbs writes about the growing ability to study star formation in a galactic context because of increased computing power and simulations that cover a range of scales.

Twisted Math and Beautiful Geometry

Four families of equations expose the hidden aesthetics of everyday objects.
The logarithmic spiral, the cycloid, and epicycloids are a few of concepts of geometry that can be found in many places within nature. In this feature article, Eli Maor and Eugen Jost review these geometric shapes and demonstrate how their equations can uncover hidden aesthetics.

Also:

In our Spotlight section, American Scientist senior editor Sandra J. Ackerman asks Dr. Nicholas Schiff about the possibility of latent brain capacity in seemingly unresponsive patients.

In our Perspective column, Nobel laureate Roald Hoffmann entreats readers to remember that even though strong chemical bonds and energetic reactions seem to be more captivating, smaller-scale atomic and molecular interactions occur in the world around us and inside us, as well.

In our Technologue column, Lee S. Langston discusses how the pebble-bed nuclear reactor, a novel but tested technology, can make fission energy safer for the ever-growing demand for energy.

This issue’s Sightings column describes more than half a century of Earth’s change recorded by satellites. These high-tech satellites are capturing after-effects of natural and anthropogenic processes, including volcanic eruptions that are large enough to change Earth’s surface and the accumulation of atmospheric carbon dioxide over certain regions of the globe.

In our Computing Science column, Brian Hayes discusses commonly accessible information that can be used to identify you online, bringing to light the changing meaning of privacy in an increasingly connected world.

In our Arts Lab column, Leila Christine Nadir explores the science behind artist Brandon Ballengée’s idea of changing the way we humans see the insects that share our world. Eye-catching blue canvases that begin to glow with ultraviolet lights at sunset invite all sorts of creeping and fluttering creatures to gather at what Ballengée calls Love Motels for Insects.

In our Scientists’ Nightstand section, you’ll find brief book reviews on topics including awe-inspiring destinations in the universe, great extinctions and their effects, and a 1945 medical student’s journal of his unforgettable experiences during the liberation of a concentration camp in Germany.

Sign up for the Scientists’ Nightstand eNewsletter to receive an email that lists noteworthy reviews of books about science and mathematics from a variety of venues, as well as other news from the world of science books.

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