There are few thoughts came to my mind regarding automation.
A truly grim side of automation hides not so much in worries of having army of unemployed individuals (although, it is also a topic that requires a very close attention) but in certain processes, now automated, that were principally unchanged since those days when humans were hunters-gatherers. Consider fishing, particularly cod fishing in Northern Atlantic. For millenia it was humans with lines and hooks in boats and it was a very labour intensive process. Once process was automated (giant trawlers working 24/7), cod stocks collapsed so horrendously that even drastic measures like Canadian Moratorium of 1992 don't make much of a difference. Cod (and now tuna and plenty of others) just don't have time to multiply for they are automatically and systematically caught in tremendous quantities. Automation applied without much of a thought about future sustainability can result in disasters like that.
2. Automated Medicine
Regarding automated medicine I would say automation there has its very certain ceiling. Let me try to explain why. Somebody I know is a very clever girl who once upon a time decided to install a faucet in the bathroom by following very detailed and brightly illustrated descriptions on some website. Everything was going on smoothly until it was discovered that a significant portion of the pipe in the bathroom was completely rotten. Website did no specify what should be done in that case. So she faced few options:
a. Continue following the instruction ignoring the rotten pipe
b. Research more on the topic to get more insight on the issue
c. Phone a plumber to finish the job
Option a: she may have be running into the risk of doing something irreversibly wrong
Option b: she may have spent time, potentially a lot of it, to get a proper answer
So she decided to call a plumber.
Now think of the example above as of some pipe inside of the human body. Clearly, opting for options a and b can be very risky because:
Damage to a human body is something not comparable to the damage to the bathroom pipe;
Researching more on the topic may be very dangerous for the human in question may be needing attention ASAP.
Therefore, contacting a professional should be considered as the best option.
Example above is somewhat extreme. If somebody has a runny nose, it should not be a big deal to peruse a bunch of web pages or try a new approach to healing it. But this is why I was talking about the ceiling - at the certain severity of the issue, contacting medical doctor will be the only sensible option. There can be some liability concerns for the website runners to be taken into consideration as well.
3. Web Services
There is a portion in the article that "many web sites have published interface specifications". I assume author meant web services. Accessing the wealth of the web services can be seen as something like automation of the automation. It is a very powerful thing in principle and in majority of concrete cases as well. But, as with derivatives in calculus, power comes with the cost of complexity. Many very useful in business applications web services have such a incredible mass of methods and properties and such a brief and sometimes outdated documentation, the job of learning them to apply in your application can be considered as a separate task. That separate task takes time and somewhat reduces the gain of automation. I understand that improving on documentation is just a matter of time since web services as a technology is in its infancy but dealing with sheer amount of the ways to employ those web services is unlikely to disappear.
posted by Anvar Amangoulov
January 4, 2009
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