The Birds and Beasts
Comparative Vertebrate Reproduction. Julian Lombardi. 469 pp. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998. $79.65.
Reproduction is a crucial part of any organism's biology. Individual differences in reproductive success drive evolution and have helped explain why selection has resulted in the amazing complexity and wealth of reproductive adaptations among vertebrates. In the preface of this comprehensive and well-written book, Julian Lombardi sets out to provide "a broadly-based introduction to the exciting and interdisciplinary field of vertebrate reproduction and have it designed to be of use to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in biology, zoology, physiology, veterinary medicine, as well as a reference for researchers in vertebrate reproduction and allied fields."
Lombardi undoubtedly lives up to his goal of presenting an integrated treatment of the structure and function of vertebrate reproductive systems by fully exploiting his experience teaching courses in comparative vertebrate reproduction and his study of reproduction in viviparous fishes. A marvelous aspect of this book is that treatment is given to such a wide range of topics and is high in quality and wide in breadth for all levels of organization examined.
This book provides thoughtful and well-organized summaries of extensively published information in diverse fields of comparative vertebrate reproduction. Following a broad but unfortunately scanty introduction, the author's comparative approach covers, among other topics, sexual differentiation, modes of reproduction, gamete production, fertilization and embryogenesis. Each part of the book is subdivided into smaller sections that offer unusually extensive and diverse reading. Although this book presents essential factual material in comparative vertebrate reproduction, it goes beyond most standard approaches and includes many important topics such as life histories and behavioral ecology—for instance, mating systems and reproductive ecology—that are not always covered in similar works.
The book's breadth, however, has resulted in a few shortcomings, most notably in its sometimes cursory coverage for some vertebrate groups. Also, I found it unfortunate that the author included only selected references instead of a comprehensive list of literature and that he left out chapter summaries. It is also inevitable that a book of this scope contains minor gaps in areas least familiar to the author. For example, concepts and references given in some chapters are rather dated and are especially noticeable in the last chapter dealing with aspects of behavioral ecology and reproduction.
Despite these few shortcomings, the chapters are generally authoritative, providing useful overviews of a variety of research topics in vertebrate reproduction. The book is first rate: very broad, readable (including extra explanations provided in many useful footnotes), well illustrated with many useful figures and tables, organized, thorough, clearly written and truly integrative in its coverage of the biology of comparative reproduction. It will work well as a text and as a valuable reference for professionals from a multitude of disciplines.—Trevor E. Pitcher, Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Connect With Us:
Happy Birthday to Alvin! August 2014 marks the 50th anniversary of Alvin, the submersible that has been so influential in ocean research, including the discovery of hydrothermal vents. In 2014, a retrofitted Alvin also took its first test cruise.
Heather Olins, a doctoral candidate at Harvard, studies microbial ecology at deep sea hydrothermal vents with the help of Alvin, and shares her personal tribute to the submersible on these landmark occasions.
To view all multimedia content, click "Latest Multimedia"!
A free daily summary of the latest news in scientific research. Each story is summarized concisely and linked directly to the original source for further reading.
An early peek at each new issue, with descriptions of feature articles, columns, Science Observers and more. Every other issue contains links to everything in the latest issue's table of contents.News of book reviews published in American Scientist and around the web, as well as other noteworthy happenings in the world of science books.
To sign up for automatic emails of the American Scientist Update and Scientists' Nightstand issues, create an online profile, then sign up in the My AmSci area.