A Sense of Where You Are: Excerpts from The History of Cartography, The Illustrated Longitude and Atlas of the Universe
Originally belonging to the Skiri band of the Pawnees, the [painted celestial deerskin] chart was collected at Pawnee, Oklahoma, in 1906 as part of a sacred bundle. It may be a descendant of a precontact original. The Milky Way, which the Pawnees thought of as parting the heavens and as the pathway of departed spirits, is represented by small dots across the middle of the chart.
The History of Cartography, Vol. 2, Book 3: Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic Australian
and Pacific Societies
David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis, eds.
University of Chicago Press, $150
Ptolemy's prime meridian [from the 1482 edition of Cosmographia] ran through the westernmost point of known civilization, the Fortunate Islands, or Isles of the Blest, which correspond today with the Canary Islands.
The Illustrated Longitude
Dava Sobel, William J. H. Andrewes
Walker & Co., $32.95
This map [topographic globes of Venus from Pioneer Venus 2 in 1978] was compiled as a false-color representation with blue indicating low [altitudes] and yellow and red higher areas.
Atlas of the Universe
Cambridge University Press, $39.95
"Penguins are 10 times older than humans and have been here for a very, very long time," said Daniel Ksepka, Ph.D., a North Carolina State University research assistant professor. Dr. Ksepka researches the evolution of penguins and how they came to inhabit the African continent.
Because penguins have been around for over 60 million years, their fossil record is extensive. Fossils that Dr. Ksepka and his colleagues have discovered provide clues about migration patterns and the diversity of penguin species.
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