Volume 99 | Number 5 | September-October 2011
A review of The Information, by James Gleick. Gleick’s ambitious goal is to present information as an independent force that has been harnessed through the efforts of brilliant pioneers such as Charles Babbage, Alan Turing, Norbert Wiener and Claude Shannon
A review of Intellectual Curiosity in the Scientific Revolution: A Global Perspective, by Toby E. Huff, and Cross-Cultural Scientific Exchanges in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1560–1660, by Avner Ben-Zaken. Huff considers why the Scientific Revolution happened in Europe and not in China or the Islamic empires. Ben-Zaken addresses three questions: What knowledge circulated between European and Muslim realms, why did it do so, and how was it received?
A review of The Darwin Archipelago:The Naturalist’s Career beyond Origin of Species, by Steve Jones. In the lively essays that make up this volume, Jones selects theoretical judgments and experimental observations found in Darwin’s less well-known books and then discusses comparable concerns in contemporary research
A review of Changing Planet, Changing Health: How the Climate Crisis Threatens Our Health and What We Can Do about It, by Paul R. Epstein and Dan Ferber. By using an account of Epstein’s career as a framework for describing and explaining the links between climate change and spreading health risks, this book humanizes and personalizes the issues involved
A review of Pattern Theory: The Stochastic Analysis of Real-World Signals, by David Mumford and Agnès Desolneux. Mumford and Desolneux try to identify and understand characteristic themes and features in patterns that appear frequently in our environment
A review of SuperCooperators: Altruism, Evolution, and Why We Need Each Other To Succeed, by Martin A. Nowak with Roger Highfield. Nowak and Highfield argue that cooperation drives the evolution of many features of biological complexity. Using computer models, mathematics and experiments, they examine the mechanisms by which cooperation evolves, with particular emphasis on how the Prisoner’s Dilemma plays out in evolving populations
A review of Chuckwalla Land: The Riddle of California’s Desert, by David Rains Wallace. Wallace presents a history of the various hypotheses scientists have come up with over the decades to explain when and how the California desert originated and its inhabitants evolved
A review of Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing, by Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki. Balinski and Laraki propose a system in which voters give every candidate for election a grade (Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair, Poor or Reject, for instance) and the candidate with the highest median grade is declared the winner
A review of The Nesting Season: Cuckoos, Cuckolds, and the Invention of Monogamy, by Bernd Heinrich. As he describes each step of the nesting process from mate selection through the fledging of nestlings, Heinrich interweaves his own observations of birds with the latest scientific findings and ponders why birds parent their young in so many different ways
"Penguins are 10 times older than humans and have been here for a very, very long time," said Daniel Ksepka, Ph.D., a North Carolina State University research assistant professor. Dr. Ksepka researches the evolution of penguins and how they came to inhabit the African continent.
Because penguins have been around for over 60 million years, their fossil record is extensive. Fossils that Dr. Ksepka and his colleagues have discovered provide clues about migration patterns and the diversity of penguin species.
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